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Friday marks the 25th anniversary of the signing of this treaty on the steps of the United States Capitol. A few weeks later, the Republicans won the House of Representatives, ending a series of defeats that dates back to 1954. This victory remains one of the most important events in American political history, an unexpected election result that radically changed the direction of the country. « But the treaty showed a coherent opposition plan that probably helped to recover many of those seats, » he notes. At the same time, the pendulum swings in American politics, and after 60 years of fairly dominant Democratic control over both houses of Congress, there would likely be a shift. But it`s probably fair to say that Gingrich`s contract was in the right place for the Republican Party at the right time. In 2014, economic and financial writer John Steele Gordon wrote in The American, an online magazine published by the American Enterprise Institute, that « the main reason (for the Republican victory in 1994) was certainly the treaty with America, » in part because he « nationalized the election and made it one of reform and status quo. The people voted for reforms. Gordon wrote that the treaty « turned out to be a brilliant political ploy. The treaty was in line with the deep desire for reform of the American electorate in Washington, a desire that manifested itself in the elections of (American) Presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan.

[15] He described the 1994 election as an « epic massacre of the majority party in Congress » that « changed American politics for the foreseeable future » and that « after 60 years of democratic dominance in American politics, the two parties were on an equal footing. » He concludes that « the main reason was certainly the treaty with America. » [15] The treaty promised to launch and vote on 10 bills that would implement comprehensive reform of the federal government. When the 104th Congress met in January 1995, the Republican majority attempted to implement the treaty. Other articles of the treaty include a draft law on strengthening the family (tax incentives for adoption, strengthening the powers of parents in the education of their children, stricter laws on child pornography and tax credits for the care of the elderly) and the Law on the Equity of the Elderly (raising the social security income threshold, repeal of the 1993 tax increases on social security benefits and tax incentives for individuals). long-term care insurance). The Treaty with America was a document released by the Republican Party for the 1994 midterm elections that explained what the party would do if it won a majority in Congress. The treatise, written by Newt Gingrich and Dick Armey, borrows from a State of the Union address that Ronald Reagan had written years earlier. Additional contributions were provided by the Heritage Foundation, a conservative think tank that focused primarily on public policy issues and had been working on many treaty proposals for several years. They would not call their platform a « platform »; A large focus group with Perotistas suggested that they preferred something like the « checklist for all candidates » that Perot attached to his book United We Stand, which Perot wanted candidates to sign as a binding contract. They would keep the word « Republican » out of the way; Perot`s voters were all about their disgust for the two existing parties. In terms of content, their « treaty » would quietly ignore Perov`s preferences that no Republican could support (for example, there was nothing on NAFTA or the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, another Perot-Bugaboo, or campaign finance reform). Traditional republican issues that resonated well with Perot`s supporters, even if they were not really Perot`s own ally (crime reform; an anti-crime package, « stricter laws on child pornography »), were present, but less emphasized.

The headline was directly Perot: « First Day » promises to review and restructure the House of Representatives and Senate, « to ensure that all laws that apply to the rest of the country apply equally to Congress, » to push for a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution and an « initial vote on term limits to replace career politicians with citizen legislators. » (Political scientists write: « The term citizen legislator was chosen on the basis of discussion groups with Perot supporters.) Rejecting the conventional wisdom of the consultative community, Gingrich nationalized the 1994 congressional elections by giving voters a government document in the form of a treaty establishing what a Republican majority would do if it had the opportunity to lead. .